Thursday, September 30, 2010

Summary of Management Basics

A. Understanding Organisation
The word "organization" has 2 general sense. namely:
- Indicates an institution / functional groups.
- In connection with the organizing process, as a process where the activity is allocated.
The term has pengorganisasin macam2 understanding, including:
a. How formal struktuk2 design management for the most effective use of resources, financial, physical, material & labor organization.
b. How can an organization grouping activities together with the assignment of a manager who is authorized to mngawasi members of the group.
c. The relationship between fungsi2, position, duties, and employees.
d. The way in which the managers share more lajut task to be carried out in groups & mnedelegasikan authority necessary to perform tasks.
Organizing is a process of designing a formal structure, classify and organize and share tugas2 among members of the organization, for purposes of the organization efficiently reachable.
Unsur2 organizing:
1. Job
- A plan dr.
- Must be divided into bagian2.
- The division of tasks in accordance with the quantity of human resources organizations
2. The workplace
- Pekrjaan which has been divided must have a place for the execution of tasks.
- Places of work in this pengrtian including bahan2 & tools / support facilities.
3. People
- HR is one of the most important element in the organization.
- Because orang2 that determine the achievement of the objectives scr effective & efficient.
- Orang2 ynag work must have its place and in place.
4. The working relationship

 Organizational Structure
The organizational structure is defined as a formal mechanism where the organization is managed.
a. Ciri2 organization are:
1.) As the workplace.
2.) Is a process of cooperation at least 2 people.
3.) There are rights, obligations and responsibilities.
4.) There is a job.
5.) The existence of the delegation of authority.
6.) There are objective.
In the implementation of a good organization, a manager must act in order to succeed, where the action succeeded guana means managers have to master:
1. What actions should be done.
2. Who should be subordinate to and assist the work.
3. To the boss where to report.
4. Who subordinates who should be responsible.
5. Knowledge about group organization and other related groups.
6. Communication.

B. Authority
 Rights ruled utuk do something or other oraang to do work / do not do anything to achieve certain goals.
 This authority arises because of the relationship between superiors and subordinates, which is included in the authority is the power of managers in terms of:
a. Decision-making
b. Ruling subordinate
c. Use of resources
d. Implementation of activities / tasks
 Alasan2 the necessity of delegation:
1. Delegation of authority allows the manager to achieve better results when the task undertaken dr own manager.
2. In order for organizations to function more efficiently.
3. Allows managers to focus her energies on more important priorities tugas2.
4. Allows subordinates to grow and and develop, it can even be used as a tool for learning dr error.
5. Because managers do not always have to have all the knowledge needed to make a decision.

 Prinsip2 delegation of authority:
1. Responsibility, authority, and accountability.
2. The principle of unity of command
3. Scalar principle

 faktor2 failure of delegation of authority:;
a. Managers feel more if still maintaining decision-making rights.
b. Managers are not willing to face risks.
c. Managers do not / will not have confidence in the ability of subordinates.
d. Managers have a powerful desire.
e. Managers fear that subordinates will threaten his place.
f. Managers do not have the managerial ability to delegate authority.
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