Thursday, September 30, 2010

Postmodern

Other conceptual framework "discussed today is that post-modernism. The idea is to believe in the arbitrary nature of modernity. This subscribes the idea that modernity is not a model and just an example that shaped the political system. Post-modernism also dismissed the idea of historical progress, saying that history does not move forward or backward. Because of the assumption that nothing is necessary, post-modernists believe that the existing arrangements are only made by humans, and what is understood as the truth is actually a choice "" created by a predecessor. Theorists such as Foucault also argues that reality is a social construction, and that people create and build the confidence and behavior. Language, conceptual frameworks and paradigms are also believed to form the world through very spread their ideas. Every time people believe and act on these ideas, the fact is emphasized by the next they will be built.
. A key by-product of this argument is that identity is one of the "more intimate" forms of social construction imposed on individuals. This has a profound influence on the fate and life of an individual, group and society, because it is often associated with problems such as intra-war, persecution and inter-state minority and majority policy privileges. The 1980s and 1990s has highlighted the concerns of various post-modernists such as the need for identity and their impact on human rights. Emphasis on discourse theory is also important in the way countries have attempted to adopt and project their legitimacy. This is especially true because the vast influence of communication and media.
The argument against Post-Modernism
Criticism of post-modernism, but the theory says it has a amoralism "base" with the rejection of any moral principles in general. They also do not agree with the theory of an inability to provide substantial explanations of historical events and ignore the more material processes of production, social relations and everyday life. A more serious criticism is that the social construction of modernism post-fundamentally flawed and that the theory itself produces a self-contradiction. Vasquez argues that if every idea is a social construction and nothing is permanent is true, then the world view of post-modernism is also a social construction, and therefore also temporal.
Impact of Post-Modernism Today
The post-modernist notion of identity as a social construction has a significant impact on the political climate today. This is mainly because has spawned the idea of creating a country, which consists of a community of people bound by common ancestry, but that does not have a geographical area to form a state. last year has seen the political activities of these countries, such as the Kurds and Tibetans, who seek the establishment of the state, but has rejected the constitutional sovereignty of their geographical master.
Post-modernism has, however inadequate in dealing with other urgent issues in international relations as a result of its ahistorical stance, for example, it ignores the history of Singapore from Malaysia and other chronological events in the current bilateral dispute. Post-modernism also ignores the problem of materials such as trade benefits as expressed by the United States treatment of the human rights situation in China.
Conclusion
As can be seen from the analysis of the various schools of thought, the study of international relations can not be limited to only one appropriate for each school. It is through combining various ideas and theories that one can obtain a more coherent picture of the scene of international relations, and therefore understand the various nuances and complexities.

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